Nicotiana rustica, Aztec tobacco, Wild tobacco, Mapacho, 300 seeds
Nicotiana rustica, commonly known as Aztec tobacco, Wild tobacco or strong tobacco, is a rainforest plant in the family Solanaceae. It is a very potent variety of tobacco, containing up to nine times more nicotine than common species of Nicotiana such as Nicotiana tabacum (common tobacco). More specifically, N. rustica leaves have a nicotine content as high as 9%, whereas N. tabacum leaves contain about 1 to 3%. The high concentration of nicotine in its leaves makes it useful for producing pesticides, and it has a wide variety of uses specific to cultures around the world. However, N. rustica is no longer cultivated in its native North America, (except in small quantities by certain Native American tribes) as N. tabacum has replaced it.
Nicotiana rustica is called mapacho in South America. It is often used for entheogenic purposes by South American shamans, because of its high nicotine content and comparatively high levels of beta-carbolines, including the harmala alkaloids harmane and norharmane. There are many methods of administration in South American ethnobotanical preparations. In Peru its known as "Mapacho" and smoked in pipes, the juice is also drunk for its hallucinogenic effects. The plant is also smoked in cigars, used in enemas, and made into a lickable product known as ambil. Finally, N. rustica is a common ingredient in rapé, a smokeless tobacco product usually used as a nasal snuff. Rapé is often a combination of N. rustica and a host of other herbs, depending on the intended use, including tonka beans, cinnamon, clove buds, alkaline ashes , Anadenanthera, Erythroxylum, Virola, and more.
Seeds of Nicotiana rustica can be sown all year round but shows much better grow pattern when started end of winter - beginning of spring. Optimal germination temperature +20°C.
Prepare the seed tray (or upcycle any plastic food container 5cm or taller making drainage holes in the bottom), fill it with the substrat for seeds and water thoroughly. Sprinkle the seeds on surface evenly. Do not cover the seed with compost as they need ligth to germinate. You can cover the seed tray with the cling film or place it in the storage container to preserve moisture. Open regularly to give it some air. The seeds with germinate in 10-20 days.
Once the seeds germinated you can uncover them and start using deluted ferlilizer (NPK 6-6-6 will be sufficient for the beginning). Tobacco requires a lot of nitrogen and potasssium.
When the seedlings grow enough to handle you can transplant them into individual pots. Young plants can be moved into open soil when they're about 10 cm tall.
Nicotiana rustica prefers slightly acidic soils but can tolerate different types of soil. Full sun or semi shade is recommended. In the climates with scorching hot days the plants will grow better if provided afternoon shade.