Delonix Regia, Flamboyant, Flame tree, Royal Poinciana, Fleur de paradis 10 seed
Delonix regia is a species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, subfamily Caesalpinioideae native to Madagascar. It is noted for its fern-like leaves and flamboyant display of orange-red flowers over summer. In many tropical parts of the world, it is grown as an ornamental tree and in English it is given the name royal poinciana, flamboyant, flame of the forest, or flame tree (one of several species given this name).
This species was previously placed in the genus Poinciana, named for Phillippe de Longvilliers de Poincy, the 17th century governor of Saint Christopher (Saint Kitts). It is a non-nodulating legume.
One of the most spectacular tropical trees, Delonix regia (Flamboyant) is a tree with a broad-spreading, umbrella-like canopy of lacy, feathery green leaves cut into many small leaflets. Evergreen, except in climates that have a dry season or mildly cool winter, it is noted for its magnificent floral display. In late spring to early summer, it is covered with a profusion of brilliant scarlet orange flowers, up to 4 in. across (10 cm), adorned with yellow or white markings. Borne in large clusters near the tips of the branches, the blossoms give way to flattened, mahogany bean-like seed pods, 24 in. long (60 cm), that hang on the branches. These pods split open when fully mature to release their numerous seeds. Fast-growing, Flamboyant makes a nice lawn, shade, or street tree.
Grows up to 30-40 ft. tall (9-12 m) and 40-70 ft. wide (12-21 m)
Canary Islands: May–September
Congo DR: November–December
Dominican Republic: July–September
South Florida: May–June
Hong Kong: May–June
Indian subcontinent: April–July
Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe: October–December
Northern Mariana Islands: March–June
Peru (coast): January–March
Reunion Island: November–January
Southern Sudan: March–May
South Texas: May–June
United Arab Emirates: May–July
USDA hardiness zones: 9b–11
Soil: Easily grown in medium moisture, well-drained sandy or loamy soil enriched with organic matter in full sun. The tree does not like heavy or clay soils and flowers more profusely when kept slightly dry. Good drought tolerance and salty conditions once established.
Usefulness: Great as a specimen plant in Mediterranean gardens. In addition to its ornamental value, it is also a useful shade tree in tropical conditions, because it usually grows to a modest height (mostly 5m or 15ft, but it can reach a maximum height of 12 m or 40 ft) but spreads widely, and its dense foliage provides full shade. In areas with a marked dry season, it sheds its leaves during the drought, but in other areas it is virtually evergreen. Flamboyant has an invasive root system that can cause damage to footpaths, brickwork and masonry in urban areas.
Virtually disease free and pest free
Propagation: by cuttings or seeds. Propagation by semi-hardwood cuttings is less common. Branches consisting of the current or last season's growth can be cut into 30 cm (12 in) sections and planted in a moist potting mixture. This method is slower than seed propagation (cuttings take a few months to root) but is the preferred method for ensuring new trees are true to form. As such, cuttings are a particularly common method of propagation for the rarer yellow-flowering variety of the tree.
The royal Poinciana is most commonly propagated by seeds. Seeds are collected, soaked in warm water for at least 24 hours, and planted in warm, moist soil in a semi-shaded, sheltered position. In lieu of soaking, the seeds can also be "nicked" or "pinched" (with a small scissors or nail clipper) and planted immediately. These two methods allow moisture to penetrate the tough outer casing, stimulating germination. Germination temperature approx. 25-28 ° C. The sprouts usually appear after 2-4 weeks. The seedlings grow rapidly and can reach 30 cm (12 in) in a few weeks under ideal conditions.
A newly planted royal Poinciana will likely take five years to bloom, although there are reports of some trees taking twelve years or more.
The seeds were tested for viability with baggy method. Pre-treatment: scarification with sand paper (rubbing the rounded tip of the seeds opposite the the side where the seeds was attached to the seed pod and looking a bit pointy), soaking in water until all the seeds increased in size. Changing water regularly as outer later of the seeds peels off.
Once they're ready the seeds were placed in food container with wet paper towel and covered with another piece of paper. Container was kept closed at room temperature (22-25°). Germinated seeds are ready to be planted in compost. Give them quite a big pot (at least 1l) from the start as the seedlings grow rapidly.